Research Projects

Moving forward to meet ambitious safety targets requires a rigorous, conceptually driven and focused research agenda.

Current Research

The following is a complete list of CSCRS funded research projects currently underway. These include projects selected through the regular CSCRS annual review cycle (2017 and 2018 thus far), and through the rapid response submission process.Visit the individual project pages for more details.

R1: Structures of Stakeholder Relationships in Making Road Safety Decisions
Principal Investigator – Seth LaJeunesse, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
A growing number of U.S. cities are beginning to incorporate more comprehensive, “safe systems” approaches to road safety…read more

 

R2: An Enhanced Systemic Approach to Safety
Principal Investigator – Offer Grembek, University of California, Berkeley
To date, the dominant approach used by state agencies to allocate safety resources is the hotspot approach that focuses on identifying and recommending improvements for high collision concentration locations…read more

 

R3: Defining Safe Systems: A Review of the State-of-the-Practice and Leadership Summit
Principal Investigator – Eric Dumbaugh, Florida Atlantic University
The concept of a “safe systems” approach to traffic safety has been widely embraced by transportation professionals in the United States and beyond…read more

 

R4: Completing the Picture of Traffic Injuries: Understanding Data Needs and Opportunities for Road Safety
Principal Investigator – Chris Cherry, University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Police-recorded crash data has improved over time, but still fails to report all aspects of crashes that are important to developing a full understanding of crash mechanism, injury burden, pre-crash conditions, and ultimately total health and cost outcomes…read more

 

R5: Identifying the Traffic Safety Information Needs of Major Cities in the U.S.
Principal Investigator – Eric Dumbaugh, Florida Atlantic University
This study seeks to understand the safety needs of major cities in the United States…read more

 

R6: Using Advanced Analytics to Frame Vulnerable Road User Scenarios with Autonomous Vehicles
Principal Investigator – Noreen McDonald, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Connected and automated vehicle technologies can dramatically improve safety by reducing human errors, which contribute substantially (an estimated 94 percent) to roadway crashes…read more

 

R7: Development and Evaluation of Vehicle to Pedestrian (V2P) Safety Interventions
Principal Investigator – Missy Cummings, Duke University
While autonomous vehicles are expected to reduce the number of fatalities occurring due to driver distraction, little has been done to intervene for the distracted pedestrian ignoring traffic…read more

 

R8: Development of Resources to Guide Parents in Helping Teens Learn to Drive 
Principal Investigator – Arthur Goodwin, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
North Carolina has led the way in policy efforts to address teen driver crashes with graduated driver licensing, which has reduced crashes by 38 percent among 16-year-olds and by 13 percent among 17-year-olds….read more

 

R9: Concept of Operations for an Autonomous Vehicle Dispatch Center
Principle Investigator – Missy Cummings, Duke University
The purpose of the CONOPS will be to describe the operational needs and systems characteristics for the system ….read more

 

R10: Machine Learning Tools for Informing Transportation Technology Design
Principle Investigator – Missy Cummings, Duke University
This project will investigate how machine learning techniques can be used to design countermeasures that improve system safety….read more

 

R11: Understating Crash Risk Exposure of Low Income Neighborhoods and Households
Principle Investigator – Yanmei Li, Florida Atlantic University
This study will examine the moderating role of the built environment on the relationship between crash incidence and socio-economic status….read more

 

R12: Linking Crash and Post-Crash Data
Principle Investigator – David Ragland, University of California, Berkeley
This project addresses two California issues; one is to provide a more accurate picture of traffic injuries in California by utilizing medical data to fill in police crash reports. The second is to get a more accurate picture of emergency medical services response times….read more

 

R13: Shared Mobility Services and Their Connection to Roadway Fatalities
Principle Investigator – Noreen McDonald, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
This project will assess how technological change embodied by shared mobility services has and will impact road safety….read more

 

R14: Creating a CSCRS Clearinghouse for Bicyclist and Pedestrian Safety-Related Data, Phase I: Inventory & Framework
Principle Investigator – Krista Nordback, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
The long-term goal of this project is to create an online CSCRS centralized data clearinghouse for bicycle and pedestrian safety-related data as a national resource for safety researchers….read more

 

R15: Integrating Spatial Safety Data into Transportation Planning Processes
Principle Investigator – Chris Cherry, University of Tennessee, Knoxville
In this project, will use the addresses of individuals who were involved in traffic crashes instead of the location of the crashes to evaluate road safety….read more

 

R16: Opioids at the Health and Transportation Safety Nexus
Principle Investigator – Chris Cherry, University of Tennessee, Knoxville
This project will identify a system map for the linkage of prescription opioid and traffic safety data, as well as the generation of research questions that will contribute to further investigation….read more

 

R17: Strengthening Existing and Facilitating New Vision Zero Plans
Principle Investigator – Kelly Evenson, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
This project will develop products to impact the creation of new Vision Zero plans and assist municipalities as they update current Vision Zero plans….read more

 

R18: Examining Potential Safety Risks Associated with the Introduction of Light Rail Transit 
Principle Investigator – Eric Dumbaugh, Florida Atlantic University
This study will entail a two-tiered analysis. The first analysis will entail a systematic examination of national trends in light rail safety performance….

 

R19: Developing a Taxonomy of Human Errors & Violations that Lead to Crashes 
Principle Investigator – Asad Khattak, University of Tennessee, Knoxville
This project will develop key elements of a Safe Systems framework by analyzing human errors and violations and their contributions to crashes; bringing together and analyzing behavioral, infrastructure/built environment, and vehicle, and data analytic features to find ways to reduce crashes and prevent injuries….

 

R20: Investigating the Vulnerability of Motorcyclists to Crashes and Injury 
Principle Investigator – Asad Khattak, University of Tennessee, Knoxville
This study will focus on analyzing a unique database of motorcycle crashes, exploring how key risk factors vary by demographics and from one context to another, i.e., the settings in which motorcycle travel takes place…. 

 

RR1: Explaining the Rise in Pedestrian Fatalities: A Safe Systems Approach 
Principal Investigator – Laura Sandt, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Pedestrian fatalities increased to 5,987 in 2016, compared to 5,495 (2015) and 4,910 (2014), or an increase of 22% in the past 2 years….read more


 

For more information, please contact Laura Sandt, CSCRS Director.

These CSCRS research projects, and other U.S. Department of Transportation University Transportation Center (UTC) sponsored projects, are also listed in the Transportation Research Board’s Research in Progress (RiP) Database.