Completed 2018 Research Project

Creating a CSCRS Clearinghouse for Bicyclist and Pedestrian Safety-Related Data, Phase I: Inventory & Framework

Principal Investigator
Krista Nordback
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
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Co-Investigator 
Wes Kumfer
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
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Co-Investigator
Seth LaJeunesse
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
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Co-Investigator
Julia Griswold
University of California, Berkeley
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Clearinghouse

Full Report 

Project Slide Deck

Research Brief

Summary

In 2017, 5,977 pedestrians and 783 bicyclists died on roads in the United States. While total traffic fatalities in the United States other than pedestrians and bicyclists fatalities have declined by 6% over the decade (2008-2017), pedestrian and bicyclists fatalities have increased by 32%. In 2017, when pedestrian and bicyclist deaths accounted for 18% of the total traffic fatalities in the United States, they only accounted for approximately 3% of commuters.

Despite these concerning trends, pedestrian and bicycle safety treatments are consistently underfunded, especially in low-income neighborhoods. Although pedestrian and bicycle fatalities comprise a significant portion of the annual total, any severity of pedestrian and bicycle collisions can be widely dispersed events throughout a network. Confounding this problem is a lack of consistent, centralized data to enable collision prediction. For example, although many cities and local jurisdictions throughout the country have gathered pedestrian and bicycle counts for years, these data are often problematic and not easily accessible. Even when available, collision data for non-fatal crashes is not available in a nationwide database, and even for a single agency, sources can differ, making comparison between jurisdictions more widely difficult. Therefore, predicting vulnerable road user collisions and determining appropriate countermeasures can be unduly difficult for traffic safety professionals.

To address the data shortcomings, the National Pedestrian and Bicycle Data Clearinghouse has been developed to improve data for pedestrian and bicycle analyses in the United States. The goal for this Clearinghouse is to serve as a central, consistent, and open data source for traffic safety professionals to access for planning and safety analysis purposes. The current phase of this project, as described in this report, entails defining the scope of the Clearinghouse, cataloguing available datasets, and building a rudimentary framework for data hosting and acquisition.

Project Details

Project Type: Research
Project Status: Complete
Start Date: 4-1-2018
End Date: 5-31-2019
Contract Year: Year 2
Total Funding from CSCRS: $80,000
Co-sponsors: Caltrans
Collaborating organizations: University of California, Berkeley